Who is the GOAT?

From right, Trinidad's Richard Thompson, Jamaica's Asafa Powell, United States' Tyson Gay, Jamaica's Yohan Blake, United States' Justin Gatlin, Jamaica's Usain Bolt, United State's Ryan Bailey, and Netherlands' Churandy Martina start in the men's 100-meters final during the athletics in the Olympic Stadium at the 2012 Summer Olympics, London, Sunday, Aug. 5, 2012. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

From right, Trinidad’s Richard Thompson, Jamaica’s Asafa Powell, United States’ Tyson Gay, Jamaica’s Yohan Blake, United States’ Justin Gatlin, Jamaica’s Usain Bolt, United State’s Ryan Bailey, and Netherlands’ Churandy Martina start in the men’s 100-meters final during the athletics in the Olympic Stadium at the 2012 Summer Olympics, London, Sunday, Aug. 5, 2012. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

Who wants to play like a GOAT?

This week I thought we would look for GOATs.

What’s a GOAT? Sometimes people call the player who messes up to lose the game the goat.

But the GOAT that I mean is the Greatest of All Time: G-O-A-T. So let’s find athletes competing these days who are the Greatest of All Time at what they do.

New York Yankees relief pitcher Mariano Rivera (42) walks off the field after a presentation before the New York Yankees baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays, Tuesday, Sept. 24, 2013, in New York. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

New York Yankees relief pitcher Mariano Rivera (42) walks off the field after a presentation before the New York Yankees baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays, Tuesday, Sept. 24, 2013, in New York. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

Consider New York Yankees relief pitcher Mariano Rivera. The 43-year-old right-hander has announced he will retire after this season. Most baseball fans would agree that Super Mariano is the greatest relief pitcher of all time. Even Boston Red Sox fans would say that Rivera, with more than 650 saves and an incredible postseason record, is a GOAT.

Soccer star Abby Wambach this year set a record for the most career goals scored in international matches by either a man or a woman. Does that make Wambach the greatest soccer player of all time? Probably not. Other players have better skills. But the always-hustling Wambach is a GOAT when it comes to finding the back of the net and scoring goals.

Anyone who has a world record in the timed events in track and field or swimming can claim to be a GOAT. After all, no one has swum the 800- or 1500-meter freestyle faster than Katie Ledecky from Bethesda, Md.

But I think that to be a real GOAT in those sports, you have to have set a number of records and have won several world championships or Olympic medals. So in swimming, Michael Phelps is a GOAT, with 18 Olympic gold medals and a zillion records.

Phelps is retired from swimming, so let’s look for a GOAT who is still dominating his or her sport.

Usain “Lightning” Bolt is a GOAT. The Jamaican sprinter won the gold medals in the 100-meter, 200-meter and 4-x-100-meter relay races at the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics. He won those races again at the 2013 World Championships in Moscow. Bolt also owns the world record in the 100 and 200 meters.

It’s harder to agree on who is a GOAT in other sports. After Serena Williams won the U.S. Open tennis tournament for her 17th major singles title, some people were saying she was the GOAT in women’s tennis. Still, some tennis experts say tennis great Steffi Graf, who won 22 majors between 1987 and 1999, is a GOAT.

I know Michael Jordan has more National Basketball Association titles, but I think LeBron James is the greatest all-around basketball player ever. To me, James is a GOAT.

You see, this time it’s good to be the GOAT. In fact, it’s great.

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Reported by FRED BOWEN of The Washington Post. Bowen is the author of 19 sports books for kids, and will be speaking Sept. 21 at the National Book Festival in Washington.

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Register soon for York JCC summer camps

jd-summercampsRegistration for York Jewish Community Center’s Summer Sports and Dance Camps opens at 5 a.m. March 29. Most camps are held at the center, 2000 Hollywood Drive. Registration can be made in person, by phone at 843-0918 or online at www.yorkjcc.org.

Summer camps are:

– Free Camp Demos, 4-6 p.m. Sunday, May 5

– Pre-K Sports Camp, ages 3-5, 9-10 a.m. June 10-14, $72

– Olympic Games Camp, ages 5-9, 9-10:30 a.m. June 17-21, $97

– Tumble Camp, ages 3-5, 9-10 a.m. Aug. 5-9, $72

– Superheroes Adventures Camp, ages 4-7, 9-10 a.m. June 24-28, $72

– NBA/WNBA Rookie Basketball Camp, ages 4-5, 9-10:15 a.m. July 15-19, $90

– NBA/WNBA Hoopsters Basketball Camp, ages 6-9, 9-10:30 a.m. July 22-26, $97

– Safe Kids Tae Kwon Do Camp, ages 6-10, 9-11 a.m. Aug. 12-16, $150

– Youth Tennis Camp, ages 5-9, 6:15-7:30 p.m. June 17-20, $79

– Track and Field Camp, ages 5-9, 9-10:15 a.m. July 29-Aug. 2, $72

– Flag Football Camp, ages 5-9, 6:15-7:30 p.m. June 24-27, $72

– Coed Lacrosse Camp, ages 5-9, 6:15-7:30 p.m. Aug. 12-15, $72

– Girl’s Volleyball Camp, ages 9-13, 6:15-7:30 p.m. Aug. 5-8, $72

– UK Soccer Squirts Camp, ages 3-4, 9-10 a.m. July 8-12 and 4-5 p.m. July 29-Aug. 2, $65

– UK Nippers Soccer Camp, ages 5-6, 10 a.m.-noon July 8-12 and 5-7 p.m. July 29-Aug. 2, $95

– UK Youth Soccer Camp, ages 7-12, 9 a.m.-1 p.m. July 8-12 and 4-8 p.m. July 29-Aug. 2, $135

– Youth Hip Hop Camp, ages 5-9, 4-5 p.m. July 22-26, $58

– Tap & Ballet Camp, ages 5-9, 4-5 p.m. July 8-12, $90

– Cheerleading Camp, ages 5-9, 5:30-6:30 p.m. July 22-25, $58

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Register soon for YMCA volleyball, basketball programs

The York YMCA is now accepting registration for two nine-week fall/winter sports programs for children and youth.

Girls Intramural Volleyball, for ages 11-15, will be held 7-8:30 p.m. Mondays beginning Nov. 19.

Coed Youth Basketball League, for ages 4-11, will be held Saturday mornings beginning Dec. 8.

Both programs provide instruction and games in a recreational setting.

The registration deadline is three days before the start of each program, but early registration is advised.

To register or for more information visit www.yorkcoymca.org or call Doug Markel at 843-7884, ext. 248.

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Registration open for youth soccer league

The York and Bob Hoffman (Dover) YMCA branches are now accepting registrations for the Youth Outdoor Soccer League.

The program, for ages 4 to 11, begins Sept. 15 and all skill levels are welcome.

Register at the Dover and York YMCA facilities by Sept. 12.

For more information, email dmarkel@yorkcoymca.org (York branch) or cpritchett@yorkcoymca.org (Dover branch).

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Register early for JCC classes

Registration opens at 5 a.m. Friday, Aug. 31, for fall classes at the York Jewish Community Center, 2000 Hollywood Drive. For more information, call 843-0918.

Children’s Gym and Sports

– Toddler Tumble & Art for ages 1-3, 10:30-11:45 a.m. Wednesdays
Come try it out! The first class is free. Children and caregivers enjoy time together through physical movement, circle time, and social interaction. Our instructor, Holly Metzger, facilitates age appropriate movement activities. After gym we’ll go to the art room with Miss Octavia to learn about colors and texture through hands-on art activities. Cost: $72. Toddler Tumble Only, 10:30-11:15 a.m.

– Pre-K Tumble & Art for ages 3-5, 10:30-11:45 a.m. Fridays
Come try it out! This class is a building block for future motor skillfulness and physical activity. The Instructor, Holly Metzger, will lead the class in circle time activities, drama play, music and movement, structured activities, and parachute play. At 11:15, they’re off to the art room with Miss Octavia to enhance their creativity using a wide range of art materials that will develop their fine motor skills. Cost: $84. Pre-K Tumble Only, 10:30-11:15 a.m. ($66)

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Dover girl wins at track meets

Ashley with her second-place ribbon.

Ashley Goebeler, 10, of Dover, participated in the Hershey Track and Field Games at East Pennsboro on May 6. She took first place in the 9- to 10-year-olds’ softball throw, 400 meter dash and 200 meter dash.

She then advanced to the district meet, June 16 at Palmyra Middle School, where she finished fourth in the softball throw and third in the 200. In the 400 event, she placed second, which qualified her to compete at the state track meet.

At the state meet, held July 7 at Penn State Main Campus, she finished second in the 9- to 10-year-olds’ 400 meter with a time of 1:14.59. She did not qualify to move on the North American Finals (the last meet in the program).

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Researchers unlock the exercise of judo

Martial arts are exhausting, as anyone who’s traded a few punches, kicks, or throws can attest. But where exactly does the energy come from?

Color your own Martial Artist by visiting this link: http://ydtalk.com/jdispatch/2010/09/22/meet-the-master-of-martial-arts/

A team of Brazilian researchers have taken the lab into the dojo to study the energy requirements of the Japanese art of judo.

Every form of exercise uses a different combination of the body’s metabolic systems for energy. Cyclical sports such as running and cycling are relatively easy to replicate with exercise machines in a laboratory, but that’s harder to do with more unpredictable sports such as martial arts.

Scientists studied the energy exerted by athletes that practice judo in hopes of making them more efficient with thier throws.(Photo by NOTELSE via Flickr.com)

Measuring the breath: Three different systems convert food to energy. During long periods of moderate exercise, aerobic metabolism does most of the work, using oxygen to turn sugar into energy, water, and CO2. Running a marathon or cycling for 100 miles, therefore, is almost entirely aerobic. For shorter, more intense exertion, or when the oxygen runs out, muscles can break down sugar anaerobically, although that system is far less efficient and produces muscle-burning lactic acid as a byproduct. For very short bursts of energy, such as a 10-second sprint, muscles can rely on another type of anaerobic system: they use up energy-storing compounds, called phosphagens, in muscular tissues.

The usual method for measuring metabolism requires athletes to stay in place, on a treadmill or standing bicycle, while machines track the gas composition in the athlete’s breath. Blood tests measure the amount of sugar and other metabolites. To get the metabolic profile, those numbers are plugged into a mathematical model of human metabolism.

But a martial art like judo or a team-based sport such as soccer involves “more complex actions,” says Emerson Franchini, a physiologist at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. Rather than repetitive motion, these sports require constantly changing muscle groups, as well as adaptation to a partner or team member. Assessing metabolism during these activities is tricky: Judo can’t be performed while

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Scared of playing sports? Don’t be!

Some kids collect sports cards, stamps or coins. Because I like to write, I collect quotes. I save examples of those times when someone said, or wrote, something just right.

A high school girls soccer team huddles a huge umbrella in a rainstorm as they watch the game during a girls soccer game at Hazel Green High School in Hazel Green, Ala., Thursday, March 22, 2012. (The Huntsville Times/Eric Schultz)

I have collected hundreds of quotes over the years, by famous and not-so-famous people. Friends and family sometimes give me quote books and calendars with a quote for every day.

I was looking over my collection, and some favorite quotations made me think about kids and sports. Here are a few, along with who said them.

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“There is the greatest practical benefit in making a few failures early in life.”

–Thomas Henry Huxley

Lots of kids are afraid of messing up in school or in sports. They hate to strike out or miss a shot. But Huxley, a famous scientist in the 19th century, understood that it’s OK to make mistakes, especially when you are young. That’s how you learn.

Also, what seems like a failure, such as getting cut from a team, may be just the thing you need to encourage you to work harder and improve. Remember, basketball legend Michael Jordan didn’t make his high school varsity team the first time he tried out.

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“To speak ill of others is a dishonest way of praising ourselves.”

– Will Durant

Too many kids speak ill of — or criticize — their teammates. Maybe you have some of those kids on your team. Or maybe you are one of those kids.

As Durant, a famous historian, recognized, criticizing a teammate is really a sneaky way of saying, “I’m a better player than that kid.”

Teams are supposed to win, or lose, together. It’s tough for a team to play its best if some of the players are always complaining or talking behind their teammates’ backs. So try not to criticize your teammates. That way, you will be sure you’re a good teammate.

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“Nobody wins games with their face.”

– Lawrence “Yogi” Berra

So many kids worry about how they look when they play sports. They have to wear the coolest shoes, have a certain uniform number or get the most expensive equipment. But none of that stuff is important when the game starts. Practice and hard work make you a better player, not a cool-looking hat.

Berra, a Hall of Fame catcher for the New York Yankees, understood this. He was short and pudgy and kind of funny-looking. But Berra hit 358 home runs and helped the Yankees win 10 World Series championships.

Berra may not have looked like a winner; he just played like one.

Starting pitcher Bryan Sammons delivers a pitch during a high school baseball game, Tuesday, March 20, 2012 in North Brunswick, N.C. (AP Photo/The Star-News, Jeff Janowski)

Reported by Fred Bowen is the author of 17 sports books for kids. His latest are “Quarterback Season” and “Real Hoops.” Provided by the Washington Post.

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