Teenager wins Nobel Peace Prize

Malala Yousafzai speaks during a media conference at the Library of Birmingham, in Birmingham, England, Friday, Oct. 10, 2014, after she was named as winner of The Nobel Peace Prize.  The Nobel Peace Prize 2014, is awarded jointly to Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India, for risking their lives to fight for children’s rights. Malala was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman two-years ago in Pakistan for insisting that girls have the right to an education. (AP Photo/Rui Vieira)

Malala Yousafzai speaks during a media conference at the Library of Birmingham, in Birmingham, England, Friday, Oct. 10, 2014, after she was named as winner of The Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Peace Prize 2014, is awarded jointly to Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India, for risking their lives to fight for children’s rights. Malala was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman two-years ago in Pakistan for insisting that girls have the right to an education. (AP Photo/Rui Vieira)

The Nobel Prize for peace was awarded to Malala Yousafzai, 17, for her efforts as a teenager to push equal-opportunity education in Pakistan and the world. She shared the award with Kailash Satyarthi of India. In this video, she talks about finding out about her win and her hopes for the future.

http://youtu.be/ppCDZrRef-E

The 2014 Nobel Prizes were announced last week by committees in Stockholm and Oslo, with the last one coming up on Monday. The $1.1 million awards will be handed out on Dec. 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel’s death in 1896. Here is a wrap-up of the winners.

MEDICINE

U.S.-British scientist John O’Keefe split the Nobel Prize in medicine with Norwegian couple May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser on Monday for breakthroughs in brain cell research that could pave the way for a better understanding of diseases like Alzheimer’s.

Nobel Prizes are awarded in the categories of peace, medicine, literature, physics and chemistry. An associated award in economics is also handed out. Aside from a medal, recipients also get a cash award of about $1 million.

Nobel Prizes are awarded in the categories of peace, medicine, literature, physics and chemistry. An associated award in economics is also handed out. Aside from a medal, recipients also get a cash award of about $1 million.

PHYSICS

Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano of Japan and Japanese-born U.S. scientist Shuji Nakamura won the Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes, which promises to revolutionize the way the world lights its homes and offices — and already helps create the glowing screens of mobile phones, computers and TVs.

CHEMISTRY

U.S. researchers Eric Betzig and William Moerner and Stefan Hell of Germany won the Nobel Prize in chemistry on Wednesday for finding ways to make microscopes more powerful than previously thought possible, allowing scientists to see how diseases develop inside the tiniest cells.

LITERATURE

French writer Patrick Modiano won the Nobel Prize in literature on Thursday for his lifelong study of the Nazi occupation and its effect on his country. Among more than 40 works, Modiano wrote the Prix Goncourt-winning “Missing Person” and co-wrote the acclaimed movie “Lacombe, Lucien.”

PEACE

Children’s rights activists Malala Yousafzai from Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for campaigning for the rights of children and young people, particularly their right to education.

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